Working with high-energy x-rays offers some advantages in the study of bulk electro-mechanical materials. The Transmission Geometry system is ideally suited for use at high-energy synchrotron x-ray beamlines or lab sources with higher energy targets such as Ag or Mo. Precise polarization and strain measurements can be obtained in-situ at voltages up to ±7.5 kV.
The Reflection Geometry system allows electric fields of ±5kV to be applied to bulk materials while conducting XRD measurements from a surface. Ideal for electro-ceramic and single crystal research in laboratory or synchrotron x-ray systems. Electrical current and displacements sensors are packaged within the unit allowing simultaneous strain and polarization measurements.
The Thin Film measurement system packages an entire probe station into a compact head unit for use within existing XRD equipment. While conducting structural XRD measurements, static or cyclic fields between ±50V can be applied. Current, polarization, I-V and C-V curve measurements can be obtained simultaneously.